Japanese Porcelain Marks Gotheborg. Nikko Nippon Nippon Jap. The popularity of the tea ceremony from the 15th century fostered an aesthetic appreciation of ceramics, especially imported Chinese wares, which became valued as works of art.
The strong demand for ceramics resulted in a surge of creativity during the Momoyama periodwith thousands of kilns developing their own distinct regional characteristics. High-fired stoneware were central to this tradition. After the Japanese invasions of Korea in anda number of skilled Korean potters who had learned from the Chinese how to produce fine porcelain, were brought back to Japan.
Some of these settled in Arita in northern Kyushu, where they discovered porcelain clay. One of the Korean porcelain makers was Ri Sampei. He is considered as the "father" of Japanese porcelain. The area became Japan's major center of porcelain production and its products were also exported from the port of Imari. Due to trade difficulties with China by the end of the Chinese Ming dynasty, and an improved Japanese economy during the Momoyama perioda strong demand for Japanese ceramics resulted in a surge of creativity.
Thousands of kilns developed their own regional style.
This is also when we say that the modern Japanese porcelain industry started. Although Japanese porcelain production developed its own styles, the influence of Chinese and Korean porcelain traditions can often and easily be found. Blue and white Arita porcelain was copied on tin glazed earthenware in many places in Europe, of which Dutch " Delft " is the most famous.
During the 18th century Kakiemon enamel decoration was also widely copied in England. Even when Japan lived isolated from the rest of the world, during the entire Edo periodsignificant amounts of Japanese porcelain was exported to Western countries, mostly by the Dutch East India Company.
With the new Meiji government, the old feudal system was changed and many highly skilled potters found themselves out of work.
After many years of a strict regulation in the Edo perioda new Meiji government finally opened a door to the oversea trade. Traditionally trained artists and craft men, who had lost their feudal patrons, were welcomed to a new venture by the government and by entrepreneurs, to create new products attractive to the foreigners in America and Europe.
When Japan now opened up for foreign trade and trade agreements were signed with America, England, Holland, Russia and France. Yokohama became a center for much of the new trade.
Businessmen and entrepreneurs from all over Japan flocked around the port and to set up shops. Now, Japanese pottery and porcelain found new markets. The producers were inventive and could readily deliver anything the export market demanded.
Their technique and skills were the traditional but the products were commercial, except a few true artisans, such as for example the Makuzu company. The pottery and porcelain made in and around the Yokohama port were known as Yokohama-yakiincluding "Yokohama Satsuma", to which for example the Hodota brand belongs.
These export products were made in small factories and workshops set up quickly, to meet foreign demands.A quick note: some images have larger or alternate views. Click or tap on them to see it.
Maybe you thought they were emptying the contents or dusting the shop! Well, some of the pottery lovers like myself have spent years identifying American pottery, and one of the best ways to do this is by looking at the bottom of the piece.
In most of the American pottery pieces, the bottom tells more than the glaze. The bottom shows the name, if there is one, the color of the clay, the way the piece is fired, and other characteristics that help with the identification. If you're looking to identify a piece of marked pottery, you may want to check our American Pottery Marks and Resource Directory and compare the mark there. If you pick up a piece of pottery and it has identifying marks such as a name or logo, you can easily determine the maker.
This is wonderful, but not always available. See the Frankoma pitcher, right. Since not all pottery is marked, the identification must be done with a little more resourcefulness.
The best identifier I have found for determining if an unmarked piece of pottery is American made is the heft of the piece. Most American pottery pieces have some weight to them—unlike the Japan imports of the s, s and s that seem fairly light in comparison.
So, just in the process of picking up the piece, the weight is registering in my mind. This is something that has to be developed over time. It is not that any piece over a certain weight is American pottery—it is the relationship between the size and the weight that helps determine the country of origin. The American pieces feel like they have "heavy bottoms" and often the walls are thicker than Japan and other foreign potteries. The clay color is the first thing I see on the bottom of any piece of pottery, and certain colors can identify the maker.
It is essential to look for an unglazed area to determine the clay color. For example, you probably know that Frankoma was made with a red clay for many years.
Look at the feet on the Frankoma leaf left. Ada clay was a yellow beige and was earlier than the red clay pieces. Note the bottom on the Frankoma piece right. Blue Mountain pottery of Canada is usually made of red clay, is often unmarked and looks and feels much like American pottery.
Early Peters and Reed pottery was red clay, too, as were many of the Arts and Crafts pots like Grueby. Some Italian and Mexican pottery is made with red clay, and much of the southwest or Native American pottery uses shades of red. Harris G. Strong used red clay sometimes, too, and Nicodemus is a red clay pottery.
Jugtown is often red clay, and there are some North Carolina potters who used red clay. See this red clay dish by Harris G. Strong left. Georgia, Alabama, and North and South Carolina have available veins of red clay that are suitable for pottery, so consider makers in those geographical areas if you have a red clay pot to identify. Of course there are lots more, but if you have a piece of pottery with a red clay base, this is a start.
There are many different shades of "red" clay, but red and deep pink clays have been readily available to the potter for centuries, and this color often gives the glaze a different look than it would have with another color clay.Tuesday, October 16, Waechtersbach Germany - mark.
The triangle mark was in use between c. The impressed beehive mark appears first in and was used for over years, until the early s. The company had a good reputation for quality stoneware and a large output of domestic pottery, such as the container above.
You will find their products all over the world. I live in Australia and I am surprised how many pieces from the early 20 th century until the s you can find here in op shops and at the flea market. Labels: German Mark. There is a fantastic new site for collectors of Australian Studio Pottery. Have a look at. This site uses flickr and is maintained by Judith from Australian pottery at Bemboka.
Labels: Related. I received the image above from a party who was interested in finding out more about this piece, with the following information: "Attached is a photograph of a piece of pottery that I found on the Somme battlefield, it shows a partial crest on it and I'm trying to identify if this was a family crest or a manufacturers emblem. The company was founded in and is famous for the production of. Labels: French mark. Labels: English mark. I received an enquiry in regards to a plain printed green circle mark, displaying a sunset or sunrise, on the base of a dog figurine.
Their porcelain manufacture operated in Lichte, Thuringia, Germany and was founded in Heubach is mainly known for its famous dolls, which are highly collectable. They used another sunrise mark with DEP underneath from c I think its save to say the dog was made in the early 20 th century. Does anyone know in which time frame this particular mark was used? The company was founded in — and is still operating - by Karl I Duke of Braunschweig. Follow the link to the excellent back stamp site, which includes many examples:.
The site is an ambitious project by a private collector, specialising in early 18 th century pieces — well done. Labels: German MarkRelated. Monday, August 8, Different types of back stamps — 4 marks on one 'George and Jones' cup. The following cup is a great example of the difficulties you face in interpreting backstamps. The owner asked for information in regards to the company using the impressed mark. The company was founded in and closed inthey produced porcelain from onwards.
The particular mark was used from to There are also impressed shape numbers. Every decorative art design could be registered with the British patent office from onwards. See also:.Identifying pottery marks is something of a speciality of this website. Join the sleuthing with us. We got this mark which appeared to say 'YANG'. Written in hand which looked like writing on a blackboard. I had no clue. After some time, people found this post and solved the mystery for us.
The words said 'Mana' not Yang at all. Then there was the mystery helmet with arrows and a drinking cup. I thought it might be English due to the the shape of the helmet and the reference to the long-bow. Then I thought it might be modern and a made up mark from Japan or China. I was wrong, Paul, a friendly site visitor, told us he knew it was a German company called Mitterteich. When I checked my Rontgen book, he was right, I had missed it! Then there were the strange USA squiggles.
The photos showed some really lovely art pottery work. I thought the mark was like a Van Briggle. Turns out it was more modern art pottery and was eventually identified by the potter's granddaughter as being 'Mountain Stoneware'. And what about the tiny blurry mark in the shape of a moth which on closer inspection looked like it said "MZ"? Many people come to these chat pages wanting mainly to know about whether their stuff is actually worth anything.
We help identify, sleuth, sort, discover and share, but when it comes to value, we need to bring in help in the form of an appraisal. The programmes below offer solutions to this burning question of VALUE so we can keep the chat forums clean of the dirty money fights!
How to Identify Japanese Pottery Porcelain Marks
If you need a bit of personal help in your investigations, I'm here to help! Post your contribution below. To become a published contributor, you must abide by the China Chat forum rules - mainly being that you need to write a word entry about your item and yourself. Please try to add value to the site with your contribution. Read below to find out what is required These interactive spaces are all about chatting to others about ourselves and finding out where our interests and experiences meet.
Don't mistake this gathering of like minds as a free appraisal service - it ain't! However, in the process of chatting, we sometimes can help each other identify markings and fascinating histories but we stay away from values as that causes arguments.
Instead, go here to the valuations service. Many have and people don't bother to do this.
Famous Japanese potters and marks
You need to upload 4 photos preferably 2 of the mark - one close, one of the whole of the base and 2 of the item s Write an article about who you are, your collecting interests and the story of how you got hold of the item s in question, where it fits into your life and interests. That hurt!Please read this post. I would like to know something more about this.
Thanks in advance. Hello I have one cup but I have no idea when it is so pls can you help me to knw? If you can help me then contact me in Google so I can sent pic of the cup. Thanks, Vic. That's a Chinese Ming period mark, however, that does not mean it's actually from Ming era. Take a photo of the mark and upload it to somewhere like Flickr or photo image hosting site and then paste the link in comment and I'll take a look at it for you. Thank you, I have uploaded a photo to my web site.
On the opening page scroll down, there is a folder titled Porcelain mark, it is there. I would be grateful for any information regarding this mark. It is on a hand painted porcelain tea set featuring flying mallard duck. I think it was probably made in the early 20th century for the tourist trade.
May I save your image and add it to my list? Please do. Can you tell me anything more for example the period the marking was used in? Generally, the entire piece needs to be seen in order to make that determination, although Yasuda company was active during the late Meiji through Taisho years.
Any ideas? Yes, you have the correct name. The cross in circle is the Shimazu clan Mon which means your piece is Satsuma. Thank you for sharing your website and knowledge. I have been looking for information on this mark.Unless you're familiar with the Japanese language, identifying Japanese pottery and porcelain marks can be a daunting task.
Hidden within the kanji -- the characters -- on the bottom of the piece you will typically find the production region, a specific kiln location, a potter's name, and sometimes a separate decorator's identity.
Japanese Porcelain Marks
But, at times only generic terms were recorded, and tracking down more information requires expert advice. Consulting a china expert, a certified appraiser, or an antiques and collectible dealer in person may be your style, but you can also utilize the many available online resources, most of which have helpful photographs. Contacting a china or antiques dealer can be the quickest way to identify your porcelain marks. Check the dealer's website or make a preliminary phone call to determine their specialty.
The dealer may want to charge a consultation fee, or he may let you know that he would like to sell your piece if you desire, depending upon his policy. A certified appraiser, another professional to seek out, may charge an appraisal fee, but their knowledge is worth it if your piece is at all valuable.
Alternately, most places of higher learning often yield free and trusted resources. Contact your local university's language, arts or history department to see if someone can help decode the marks on your Japanese piece. Reaching out to a local artisans' guild can also be a way to glean information. At your own pace, you can sift through several images on websites providing information specifically about Japanese pottery and porcelain marks. With many regions of production, as well as several centuries of workmanship, finding your exact mark may be hit or miss.
It's helpful to know certain small hints that can help point the way toward identification:. Three of the most comprehensive websites with images of Japanese pottery and porcelain marks are GotheborgG. Bouvier and the Noritake Collectors' Guild. The Noritake site provides an email address to which images of backmarks, or maker stamps, can be submitted for review.
Japanese potters have been active for centuries; the early 8th century saw the creation of colorful Sansai ware, crafted for decorative vessels. Around the beginning of the 17th century, Agano ware was being made for the increasingly popular tea ceremonies. Countless firms from different regions operated over a span of generations.
A rare example of an easy-to-date manufacturer is the maker Hichozan Shinpo-seiwhich only produced wares in the late part of the Edo period, to It is also safe to date any Japanese pottery and porcelain with marks in English to the late 17th century on. A helpful dating tip in the labyrinth of Japanese marks is it is generally accepted that marks that include "Dai Nippon" in Japanese characters, on the whole, date to the Meiji to period, reflecting the greatly increased nationalism of the time.
Many early Japanese pottery marks were hand-painted, as they were viewed as a signature. A mark made by stencil is a much later way of marking, dating from the Showa period to To illustrate how difficult it can be to pinpoint an item's manufacturing period, both Arita ware from the Qianlong period 18th century and from the s use a hazy blue underglaze for their marks. In fact, few hard-and-fast rules exist for the layperson to follow.
Cynthia A. She also provided copy for the magazine's website and copy edited a issue. Mulcahy holds a Bachelor of Arts in sociology and a minor in justice studies from the University of New Hampshire. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Marking within a square, or kaku mark : This is oftentimes indicative of Kutani porcelain, which alone covers five eras.
Kanji resembling a "pi" symbol over a house: This. Crossed Chinese and Japanese flag with Turkish moon mark: 19th century A.Studio Pottery marks are a little hard to define and the name, Studio Pottery, is a term that associates ceramics with little known independently owned potteries.
And, like the pots the artists produce, Studio Pottery marks can be quite individual and quite hard to uncover or relate to potters working in out of the way places. Likewise, the simplistic looking naturalistic decoration can often be viewed as the opposite of the very attractive colourful decoration produced by the decorative arts factories like Doulton, Derby and Worcester.
And to discover and then research and uncover who the potter was and where or when a pot was thrown. Today pieces by any of these potters command high prices that can be prohibitively expensive for the keen collector.
But if the collector skews their focus slightly they could collect work by lesser named students who studied under the great names, and uncover good Studio pieces that will prove to be a very wise investment.
Studio Pottery marks or seals are attached to pots that demonstrate an artists skill in producing varied glazes, hand thrown naturalistic shapes and artful decoration. The seals or marks are usually but not always impressed marks but potters were and are inconsistent when it comes to adding marks.
To try to collect or become knowledgeable in all aspects of studio pottery or all artists would be a massive undertaking. Rather the pottery collector should try to build a good reference library that they can turn to often to quickly find the studio pottery mark and the artist. Never buy before you research unless you know what you are buying, or you fancy taking a gamble on something you feel is rather special or is priced well.
Published by The Crowood Press Ltd. He was born in Hong Kong in He returned to Hong Kong in and moved to Tokyo, Japan inwhere he studied the works of Oriental potters. After discovering pottery at a Raku tea party, Leach built a Kiln in his house and proceeded to learn all he could about stoneware pottery from Ogata Konzan the Sixth Konzan. Bernard Leach eventually became part of the Seventh Konzan. The Konzan style used flowers and grasses that resonated with the classical imagery in Japanese poetry.
Ogata Kenzan to created Kenzan ceramics by matching shapes to decoration and producing beautifully natural motifs. Kenzan decoration has a pleasing flatness to it. Kenzan ceramics are revered in Japan and Bernard Leach worked in the Kenzan tradition. His brushwork was good because he was trained in art and to draw before he became a potter.
Pottery and Porcelain Marks
He built his own wood-burning kiln and began designing, throwing and producing studio pottery at the home he set up in Cornwall. Founding the St. Ives pottery shortly afterwards.